If you're new to cannabis or a casual user you have most likely heard two common terms: THC and CBD. But, what are THC and CBD? Why are their effects? And, how do they differ from each other?
Let's start with the basics. THC and CBD are cannabinoids identified in cannabis. They are chemical compounds that act with the cannabinoid receptors that we all have throughout our body, known as the endocannabinoid system. While there are at least 113 cannabinoids that have been identified in cannabis, THC and CBD are the two most common and most referenced.
What is THC?
THC, or tetrahydrocannabidinol, was the first cannabinoid isolated in cannabis and is arguably the most noted of cannabinoids. THC is the primary psychoactive compound found in cannabis. Psychoactive effects of THC can last for upwards of 2+ hours depending on how much was consumed. Other effects from THC can include; elation, tachycardia (increased heart rate), anxiety, sedation, relaxation, short term memory recall impairment, and pain relief..
Health and medical benefits include; pain relief, easing nausea and vomiting, sleep aid, treatment of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anti-bacterial agent, muscle relaxant, appetite stimulation, anti-inflammatory, and bronchodilator. THC has been found to be effective in treating multiple sclerosis symptoms, and nausea side effects from cancer treatments (radiation, chemo-therapy).
What is CBD?
CBD, or cannabidiol, was the second cannabinoid isolated in cannabis. CBD has recently gained notoriety for being a cannabinoid having a number of health benefits but, unlike THC, contains no psychoactive properties.
Health and medical benefits include; pain relief, anti-inflammatory, anti-psychotic, anti-anxiety, potential cancer fighting properties, easing nausea and vomiting, has been linked to lower incidence of diabetes, has been linked to treating seizures, and has been linked to improving cardio-vascular health.
Do you tend to prefer a THC dominant, CBD dominant, or fairly balanced strain? Let us know in the comments section.
For a more in depth look at the endocannabinoid system check out this great article from our friends at Leafly.